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Eating Before or After Your Workout: Which is Optimal?

When it comes to workout prepping, there’s more to it than just putting on the perfect gym outfit and lacing up your favorite sneakers. While having a killer outfit and essential gym accessories like a shaker bottle and gym bag are important, what you eat and when you eat also plays a crucial role in maximizing your workout performance and overall progress.

The question of whether to eat before or after a workout is often pulled, and the answer is actually both! Your body has varying nutritional needs throughout the day, and the ideal diet and exercise routine can differ for each individual. It’s essential to understand that food is not just about calories; it provides the fuel your body needs to power through workouts and aid in recovery.

So, when should you eat before and after a workout, and what should be on your plate to optimize your exercise regimen? Let’s dive into these vital questions to ensure you’re getting the most out of your fitness journey. Just keep reading!


Pre-Workout Nutrition

Alright, let’s talk about the mastering art of pre-workout nutrition. Picture your body as a well-oiled machine – impressive, right? Well, just like any top-notch engine, it needs proper fuel to kick into gear. After all, how can you expect to crush it at the gym if you’re running on empty? Be that as it may, I’m still not endorsing a pre-workout feast either. The key is: proper timing.

Munching down a big meal right before you hit the weights might leave you feeling sluggish, and who wants that? On the flip side, not eating at all might bring dizziness and a lack of performance. That is why the majority of research available indicates that larger meals should be consumed at least 3-4 hours before any strenuous activity. Smaller meals/snacks can and should be eaten 1-3 hours pre-gym, focusing on easily digestible foods. Pro tip: Recent studies suggest that snacking before a workout can amp up your stamina and performance (1) (2) (3).

Now, what does a perfect pre-workout meal look like?

It’s rather simple, protein + carbs. Carbohydrates are the main fuel, they maintain glucose levels during your workouts and restock muscle glycogen. It’s the power boost your training craves without breaking down that hard-earned muscle. Of course, let’s not forget protein, the building block component that helps you recover, build and preserve muscle.


Here are some pre-workout meal/snack examples:

1. Green yoghurt with berries – loaded with protein and antioxidants

2. Granola bar and protein shake – fast digesting carbs and protein

3. Oatmeal with banana and peanut butter – quality carbs, fats, and protein

4. Egg white omelet – perfect protein source and fast digesting carbs

5. Whole-wheat tuna sandwich – healthy protein with omega-3’s


Post-Workout Nutrition

Once a successful workout session is over, it is crucial to replenish your body with the right nutrients for optimal recovery. Consuming a snack, especially one rich in protein, can aid in this process. Protein helps rebuild and repair muscle fibers that may have experienced micro-tears during training, making them stronger. To prevent any muscle soreness and cramping, it is ideal to consume this snack within 15 minutes to an hour after your workout.


Equally as important as protein, carbohydrates are a non-negotiable post-workout nutrition component. The intensity of your workout session will determine the amount of carbs that are required. Generally, opt for healthy carb sources like quinoa, oats, fruit such as pineapple and bananas, and vegetables like sweet potatoes to replenish your body’s energy stores.


Now, what if you prefer to save your meal for after a workout? Well, fasted exercise may have some positive effects on reducing body fat. But, it is important to consider that exercising without eating can lead to increased levels of cortisol. This hormone regulates various bodily functions, including stress response, metabolism, blood pressure, and sleep-wake cycle. Prolonged high levels of cortisol can lead to a myriad of health problems. Therefore, finding a balance that aligns with your body and goals is essential.


Some great post-workout meal examples include:

1. Turkey sandwich – A filling option rich in lean protein that will support muscle recovery

2. Chicken or Beef stir-fry – Create a hearty meal by loading it with veggies and lean protein of your choice

3. High-protein smoothie – Adding oats, a banana, dairy or plant milk, and protein powder to a blender, you receive an amazing post-workout meal

4. Tofu and whole-wheat pasta – A great high-protein option for vegans and vegetarians

5. Cottage cheese and fruit – A low-fat super high-protein option that is easy to make


Remember, these are just examples, there are countless other post-workout meal options available. The key is to focus on a combination of protein and carbohydrates to aid in muscle replenishment and recovery. Feel free to experiment and find what works best for your taste preferences and dietary needs.



To summarize, paying attention to your pre and post-workout nutrition is crucial for optimizing your exercise performance and promoting proper recovery.

Consuming a balanced meal or snack before your workout provides the necessary fuel to power through your session and enhance endurance. Afterwards, replenish your body with a combination of protein and carbohydrates helps repair and rebuild muscles, reduce muscle soreness, and restore energy levels. It’s important to find a balance that works for your body and goals, and possibly consult with a healthcare expert or nutritionist.

Remember, nourishing your body properly before and after exercise is key to achieving real fitness and health results.





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